htjr6ujymfh5tThe thyroid is a key body gland located in the neck. It is butterfly-shaped. It forms part of the endocrine system; a complex network of glands. The endocrine system works to control numerous body activities. However, the main role of the thyroid gland is to produce the important thyroid hormones. These are essential hormones that regulate the body metabolism process. Worth noting is the various problems that may arise with poor thyroid gland health.

Common thyroid disorders

Poor thyroid gland functions may cause a number of disorders. They include:

1. Hashimoto’s disease

This is commonly regarded as hypothyroidism. It is a chronic disorder that may come at any age. It results from the destruction of the gland by the immune system. This affects the production of the thyroid hormone. Mild hypothyroidism may not show much of the symptoms. However, in severe cases, the following symptoms are evident:

  • Depression
  • Weight gain
  • Fatigue
  • Constipation
  • Thin hair and dry skin
  • Cold intolerance
  • Goiter
  • Menstrual cycle imbalance
  • Pale face

2. Goiter

6u7kuytuiygrLack of enough iodine in the body could cause some noncancerous results of the thyroid gland. Goiter can arise at any age, but it is common for adults above 40. Exposure to radiation, pregnancy, medical history, and certain medications are known risk factors. Mild goiter may not show any signs while complex goiter comes with the following symptoms:

  • Coughing or wheezing
  • Neck swelling or tightness
  • Voice hoarseness
  • Problems with swallowing or breathing

3. Thyroid nodules

This is an acute illness that comes with thyroid dysfunction. These are growth forms in or on the thyroid gland. The risk increases with age. The disorder may not have any symptoms at early stages. Once grown, the symptoms may include:

  • Neck swelling
  • Pain
  • Increased pulse rate
  • Nervousness
  • Weight loss
  • Tremors
  • Swallowing and breathing problems
  • High appetite levels
  • Clammy skin
4. Grave’s disease

This is a common hyperthyroidism disorder. It is an autoimmune problem that comes with the destruction of the thyroid gland by the immune system. It is characterized by overproduction of thyroid gland. Common symptoms include:

  • Unexplained fatigue
  • Excessive sweating
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Tremors of the hand
  • Heat intolerance
  • Irregular menstrual cycle in women
  • Weakness of the muscles
  • Improper vision and bulged eyes
  • Diarrhea and frequent movement of the bowel

Treatment differs with each type of thyroid disorder. Visit a specialist to ensure that no serious side effects arise in your treatment. It is advisable that you go for quality diagnosis.